Orthodontics; with lower and upper jaws tooth implications correction dentist The branches. Since it is more difficult to clean perplexed and poorly positioned teeth, periodontal There is a risk of premature loss of teeth due to disease convalescence and tooth decay. It also causes more pressure on the jaw muscles; Temporomandibular joint disorders and thus headache, back, and shoulder pain they may cause.

Perpendicular teeth also affect your appearance. Orthodontic treatment You can have a healthier mouth, a more impressive look and teeth that will stay in your mouth for longer.

Who is an orthodontist?

Orthodontist is a dentist specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of dental and facial disorders. In order to become an orthodontist, you first need to graduate from the faculty of dentistry and then complete a specialization or doctoral program that can last four years or more. During this training, the orthodontist learns the necessary information to control the movement of the tooth (which is commonly referred to as orthodontics) and to direct facial development (this treatment approach can be called jaw and facial orthopedics). Only dentists who have successfully completed this specialization or doctoral degree can use the title of orthodontist.

What are the possible causes of orthodontic disorders?

1- The possibilities offered by preventive medicine to patients may not be utilized; for example, caries in the primary teeth may not have been treated with the logic of ecek somehow will change,, teeth may have been prematurely removed, and fluoride and fissure preservative treatments may have been ignored.

2- Genetic factors: It is important whether there is a similar anomaly in the family history, especially in individuals with skeletal disorders. Hereditary tooth deficiencies, narrow upper jaw and cross-over problems can also be inherited. In this case, the emergence of orthodontic problems is inevitable. What should be done; to take the child to regular dentist control starting from the milk dentition period.

3-Ear-nose-throat problems: (tonsillitis, the presence of nasal and nasal flesh; continuous mouth breathing) may cause the formation of jaw bones and teeth can create dental disorders.

4- Bad habits: Bad habits such as finger-sucking, long-time pacifier or bottle-feeding, tongue-sucking, lip-sucking, pencil-biting can also cause orthodontic disorders in the teeth and jaw structures.

5- Some muscle disorders orthodontic problemse can cause.

What is the age of orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontic treatment can be applied at any age. If there is no skeletal problem and only if the teeth are perplexed, these disorders can be corrected by orthodontic treatment at any age. The age of the patient affects only the duration of movement and treatment. However, if there is a skeletal problem, treatment of these disorders can be corrected with orthopedic treatment approaches until the end of puberty. In the adult period, such skeletal problems can be corrected by orthodontic treatment with orthognatic surgery. Aesthetic invisible wires today (transparent brackets) , wires attached to the back of teeth (Lingual technique) and transparent molds (Invisalign) teeth It can be corrected.

How much is orthodontic treatment necessary?

Orthodontic treatment, correcting the discrepancy in the teeth and mismatch between the jaws; It is not only aesthetically oriented, but also helps to correct chewing function and impaired speech, as well as preventing future gum diseases and problems in the lower jaw joint. Orthodontic treatment, more commonly known as correcting dental impurities, incorporates a variety of treatment techniques. Depending on the orthodontic problem in the mouth, treatments can be performed with movable appliances, functional appliances and fixed appliances. Orthodontic problems that are not too complicated can be solved by plastic movable apparatuses which can be attached and removed by the patient. For insufficient development and overdevelopment of the lower or upper jaws, tools that help the development of jaws in a certain direction, called functional apparatuses, are used during the growth-development period. In orthodontic treatment, fixed apparatuses, which have a larger place in recent times, have an effect with the philosophy of moving the teeth by wires attached to the teeth and placed in the grooves on the tools called brackets. Apart from these basic appliances, many other appliances are available. Once active orthodontic treatments are completed, reinforcement treatments are also of great importance in order to prevent them from returning and deterioration. Various passive devices are used for this treatment period.

Basically orthodontic treatmentn main objectives; to improve chewing function, to improve speech function, to provide better oral hygiene, to provide aesthetics and to provide psychological support by increasing patient's self-confidence in society.

Orthodontics can also work with ear-nose-throat specialists to contribute to the patient's nasal breathing. Plastic surgeons or jaw surgeons also work together to solve skeletal problems in adult patients and to treat babies and children with cleft lip and palate.

Orthodontics is constantly working together with other branches of dentistry.

The premature removal of caries and deciduous teeth; It is a proven fact that orthodontic disorders cause permanent teeth to be embedded in the jawbone.

What is the importance of primary teeth in orthodontic terms?

Milk teeth, 6 after birth. Starting from the first month, they begin to drive in a certain order and in a child of about 2,5 years, all the baby teeth are erupted. The total 20 milk teeth in the lower and upper jaws remain in the mouth until 6 age. From this period until the age of 12, all milk teeth are replaced by permanent teeth. In this period of change, large caries and early deciduous teeth lost in the primary teeth, as a result of the movement of the teeth in the back of these cavities as a result of perplexity and permanent teeth can cause intact. Therefore, it is very important that the teeth remain healthy in the mouth.

Orthodontic disorders conditions in the formation of milk dentition period, is not responsible alone. Genetically, orthodontic problems can be passed on to children from parents or older family members. In addition, inaccuracies in infant feeding or breastfeeding during breastfeeding during infancy; bad habits such as finger sucking, lip sucking, tongue repulsion and mouth breathing during childhood may also cause orthodontic problems. In case of oral respiration, if there are problems preventing nasal breathing, it should be cooperated with ear-nose-throat specialists to eliminate them.